Published standards by UL, IEC, and SAE specify environmental tests like: short circuit while hot, heat resistance, temperature cycling, and thermal abuse. Because failure of these tests can produce hazardous results, the test chambers will require proper safety features and considerations.
IEC 62133 - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells
IEC 62660-2 - Secondary lithium-ion cells for the propulsion of electric road vehicles - Part 2: Reliability and abuse testing
UN/DOT 38.3 - UN Manual of Tests and Criteria 4th Revised Edition Lithium Battery Testing Requirements